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Terms & Conditions for BUSINESS MANAGEMENT

Terms & Conditions for BUSINESS MANAGEMENT


The following terms and conditions set out the legal rules applicable to every INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND SOCIAL INNOVATION on November 27-28, 2019 Albany, New York delegates. Participants shall be bound by these terms and conditions. You are advised to read and understand these terms carefully before registering. The organizing committee will not accept any conditions contradictory to or deviant from these general terms and conditions.

  • To be eligible to participate in the summit, attendees must be at least 23 years old (Attendees may be asked to present an official identity card.
  • The organizing committee reserves the right to refuse any registration if the maximum number of delegates is exceeded.
  • Registered delegates are responsible for the cost of their hotel accommodation in Albany, New York.
  • Participants are expected to honor their VISA by returning home to their respective countries after the conference.
  • All delegates’ details will be kept on our records, we will not share your details with anyone and we will not contact you about anything other than this event you attend, unless you have indicated otherwise. Her/his information will be discarded a year after the conference.
  • Registration will not be complete until all the requirements for participation has been fulfilled by an applicant and organization.
  • It is imperative for all delegates to observe relevant security procedures during the period of the conference. Be sure to have your delegate badge on at all times for easy identification.

The HGC is welcoming to facilitate who requires help for booking accommodation for participants in time on discount. Participants will be responsible for securing their accommodation during the period of the summit. Be informed that participant’s hotel reservation must be secured and delegates are to submit the booking confirmation receipt.

Should you wish to book the Accommodation with us Please transfer the accommodation cost together with the participation cost. 

Visa Processing:
Foreign participants must be in possession of a valid International Passport to apply for Visa. Once your registration is confirmed, participant’s visa request letter will be sent to participants via email.  You are to inform us if you already have a U.S. visa when submitting your registration documents. 

Flight Ticket:
A round trip air tickets can be arranged on discount rate if required, delegates will pay ticket fair.  The round trip air tickets will cover delegates’ flight from country of residence to the United States and back.

Invitation Letter:
All registered delegates whose participation has been confirmed will be sent an official letter of invitation. For a delegate’s participation to be confirmed, he/she must have submitted all the required documents for registration.

The official language of the conference is English; however, there will be provision for translation into several major languages across the globe.

Payment Options
Bank Transfer, Credit Card (PayPal)
For bank transfers please use the corresponding information below (please enter the abbreviation “Hope for Global Community” and your full name as the payment reference):
Please note: For payments to the HGC PayPal will charge a transaction fee of 4% (Please add this to the amount before making the transaction).

Bank Transfer
Please email for availing the bank transfer option  or 

Note:  Early submission of registration documents is advised, as there are many persons registering for this event. We attend to applicants on a first come first serve basis. Also endeavor to always check your email for prompt response.

Online Registration Form
Participation in the conference is open to governmental, academics, artists, journalists, civil society practitioners, private sector representatives, young professionals and students as well as other interested individuals from across the world.

Participation Cost
The Hope for Global Community’s aim is to enable wide and inclusive participation in its international conferences and programs and is therefore making every effort in order to reduce and subsidize the participation cost for the participants of its programs. The participation cost in BMSI Summit is USD 400 registration and it goes towards covering the costs of developing and running the programs. Once accepted to the programs, participants are required to transfer the participation cost and will be provided with further information and details.

The participation cost for the program includes the following components:

  • Program Components – Participation in all Programs’ Components.
  • Excursions – Cultural and Social Excursions such as sightseeing, Guided Tours and visits to key Cultural Institutes and Exhibitions.
  • Social Activities – Social Activities such as Concerts and Live Performances, Film Evenings and Party Nights.
  • Certification of Participation – All Participants will be awarded Certificate of attendance upon Completion of the Program.
Child spies used by police at risk of severe harm, high court told

Child spies used by police at risk of severe harm, high court told

Children recruited to spy on drug dealers, gangs, terrorists and paedophiles have fewer safeguards when handled by investigators than those arrested for minor offences such as shoplifting, the high court has heard.

At a judicial review hearing at the Royal Courts of Justice, campaigners challenging the use of children as covert human intelligence sources (CHISs) argued the lack of safeguards violates children’s human rights and puts them at risk of severe harm.

Introducing the case against the Home Office on Tuesday, Caoilfhionn Gallagher QC, acting for Just for Kids Law, told Mr Justice Michael Supperstone that safeguards for children recruited as CHISs were inadequate. 

“This case concerns children who may be recruited and deployed as CHIS in the most extreme circumstances,” Gallagher said, referring in particular to one case revealed in a House of Lords debate of a 17-year-old girl recruited to spy on a man who was selling her for sex.

Gallagher said: “A justification put forward is that some children are involved in or in close proximity to serious crimes which they could as a covert source help police to investigate and prosecute.

“That justification also demonstrates the acute need for stringent safeguards: keeping a child close to serious crimes may serve a compelling public interest, but it would appear to be antithetical to the child’s own interests.” 

Seventeen children have been recruited as covert sources since January 2015 – including one just 15 at the time – according to figures released by the investigatory powers commissioner in March.

The powers under which they are used have existed for nearly two decades, but they came to light only last summer after a House of Lords committee raised the alarm over proposals to make recruitment and deployment easier.

Ministers had sought to increase the length of time that child spies could be deployed before re-authorisation from one month to four, and to broaden the range of people who could act as an “appropriate adult” when being interviewed with police. The new rules came into effect shortly after.

Just for Kids Law’s judicial review hinges on a claim that the rules governing the use of child spies fail to comply with the home secretary’s obligations to comply with article 8 of the Human Rights Act – guaranteeing children’s right to a private or family life – and article 3.1 of the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child – stipulating that the interests of the child should be a top priority in all decisions and actions that affect them.

Gallagher warned that the extension of the length of time a child spy could be authorised had come about for the “administrative convenience of the authorities concerned.” Because the orders involve covert operations, officers are not required to check with other agencies about vulnerability, histories of domestic abuse or mental health issues of the child spies.

“The decision is made in a very closed circle,” she said.

The court heard evidence from Neil Woods, a former police officer who spent years undercover investigating drugs gangs, that such work posed the risk of severe physical and psychological harm to young people.

In a written statement read out in court, Woods said he had been diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder as a result of his experiences undercover with drugs gangs, which included proximity to extreme violence, including torture and maimings of those considered to be working with police.

“I developed the ability to suppress my emotions at times of great stress when I was witnessing very grave things,” Woods said in his statement.

“It causes me great concern that a child could be asked to maintain a lie for any length of time and suffer the psychological harm that I have suffered … I question the legitimacy in allowing police to recruit child spies at a time when police are just beginning to recognise the lasting harm caused to adults in doing the same thing.”

Sir James Eadie QC, responding on behalf of the home secretary, emphasised the many layers of approvals and safeguards involved in recruiting children as CHISs.

The hearing lasted one day and Supperstone reserved his judgment, which he will hand down at a later date.

Britain has a duty to help Hong Kong out of this dark moment

Britain has a duty to help Hong Kong out of this dark moment

It took something out of the ordinary to provoke a million people in Hong Kong to take to the streets to demonstrate against proposed new extradition rules. Roughly one-sixth of the population demonstrated peacefully: families, young and old, lawyers, academics, students, professionals and manual workers.

What caused such an outpouring against a piece of legislation? Quite simply, the people of Hong Kong – not British, but Hong Kong Chinese – have seen their government connive with the Communist regime in Beijing to undermine their way of life and freedoms.

Britain’s departure from Hong Kong in 1997 – a colony we acquired in woeful circumstances – was done on the basis of a brilliantly imaginative proposal put forward by former Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping. Hong Kong would return to the control of mainland China, but on the basis of “one country, two systems”. Hong Kong’s high degree of local autonomy would continue to be based on the rule of law and on the freedoms associated with a plural open society. 

By and large things did not go too badly in the 10 years or so after the UK left Hong Kong. China, on the whole, kept its word which had been incorporated in a document called the joint declaration, which was lodged as an international treaty at the United Nations. The idea was that Hong Kong would remain as it was until 2047. Some things were unsatisfactory. The Communist party, for example, throttled back on the promises it had made about Hong Kong’s nascent democracy. But overall there was not too much to grumble about, and when the local government pushed too hard to do Beijing’s bidding – for example over introducing more “patriotic” themes into education – public protests forced a change of mind.

But two things have happened in recent years. First, Xi Jinping was made party and state leader and given greater powers. He has exercised these to row back on many of Deng’s reforms, to increase central control and tackle any signs of dissent within China. Second, the leadership was plainly rattled by the massive demonstrations that took place in 2014 against further efforts to prevent democracy flowering in Hong Kong.

Since then things have gone from bad to very bad to even worse. The leaders of the demonstrations in 2014 have been pursued – even five years after the event – with reckless, vengeful enthusiasm, using ancient and often obscure colonial-era public order legislation. People with the “wrong” views have been banned from political activity. Freedom of speech has been whittled away in the media and in universities. Beijing has even abducted individuals from Hong Kong and taken them back to the mainland.

This is the background to the current row over a law that would allow extradition to the mainland of those Beijing does not like.




One Step Closer to Justice for MH17 Victims

One Step Closer to Justice for MH17 Victims

At a press conference in the Netherlands this afternoon, international investigators announced that the Public Prosecution Service of the Netherlands would prosecute four people for bringing down Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, which was shot down over eastern Ukraine in July 2014.

International warrants have been issued for the arrest of the suspects, three of whom are Russian, and one is Ukrainian. They will be tried on murder chargesbefore a Dutch court in March 2020.

Investigative website Bellingcat published their own report identifying twelve militants they allege are linked to the downing of MH17.

Malaysia Airlines MH17 flight was shot down during one of the periods of intense fighting in the ongoing armed conflict in eastern Ukraine, which has to date claimed at least 13,000 lives. The civilian death toll is estimated at 3,331 as of May 2019.

The criminal inquiry, carried out by an international Joint Investigation Team (JIT), coordinated by the Netherlands and including law enforcement authorities from Australia, Belgium, Malaysia, and Ukraine, has been progressing steadily, if slowly, since 2014.

In 2015, a report by the Dutch safety board established that the plane was shot down by a Buk surface-to-air missile. In 2018, the JIT investigators presented findings indicating that the missile that brought down the flight belonged to a Russian military unit. According to the report, the missile was transported from Russia into Ukraine on the same day the plane was shot down, launched from the area controlled by pro-Russian “separatists,” and then transported back to Russia. These findings were also made independently by Bellingcat.

As Russia continues to deny its involvement in the downing of the plane, relatives of the victims have been waiting to learn who is responsible for the attack, which claimed the lives of all 298 people onboard the plane. Hopefully, today’s findings bring justice and accountability for the MH17 victims one big step closer.

UN chief accepts independent report on Myanmar, highlighting ‘systemic’ failure surrounding Rohingya crisis

UN chief accepts independent report on Myanmar, highlighting ‘systemic’ failure surrounding Rohingya crisis

An independent review into how the UN System operated in Myanmar in the years leading up to the mass exodus of the Rohingya following serious human rights abuses, has concluded there were “systemic and structural failures” that prevented a unified strategy from being implemented.

The report by former Guatemalan Foreign Affairs Minister, Gert Rosenthal, a former UN Ambassador and top executive at the UN’s Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), said that the UN System overall had been “relatively impotent to effectively work with the authorities of Myanmar, to reverse the negative trends in the areas of human rights, and consolidate the positive trends in other areas.”

The review, published on Monday, covers the period 2010-2018, encompassing the UN’s response to the systematic and brutal abuse of hundreds-of-thousands of mainly-Muslim Rohingya in Rakhine state, by the national army and security forces, which began in August 2017, described by the UN human rights chief at the time as a text book example of ethnic cleansing. 

In his conclusions and recommendations, Mr. Rosenthal writes that responsibility for the grave abuses rests mainly with the Government. But although the UN’s systematic failures are not down to any single entity or any individuals, “clearly there is a shared responsibility on the part of all parties involved in not having been able to accompany the Government’s political process with constructive actions, while at the same time conveying more forcefully the United Nations’ principled concerns regarding grave human rights violations”.

He also notes the UN Security Council should bear some responsibility, “by not providing enough support to the Secretariat, when such backing was and continues to be essential”.

Mr. Rosenthal said that the key lesson, was “to foster an environment encouraging different entities of the UN System to work together” to reinforce a “broader, system-wide strategy”.

The UN Spokespersons’ Office, reacting to the report, said that UN chief António Guterres was “grateful to Mr. Rosenthal for producing a candid, forthright and useful report. The entire report, including its conclusions and recommendations, has been transmitted to the Member States”.

Mr. Guterres said he was accepting the recommendations “and is committed to implementing them so as to improve the performance of the United Nations system. This review is valuable for the Resident Coordinator and the UN Country Team in Myanmar, as well as in other countries where the UN operates in similarly challenging conditions.”

The UN chief noted that no individual or agency was being singled out, and said it was useful for analyzing how the UN can work more effectively, “on the ground and possible lessons learned for the future.”

“The Secretary-General notes the report’s assessments are in line with the Secretary-General’s own efforts to put a greater emphasis on prevention, and also to improve the performance and accountability” of the UN at a country level, “by creating a new generation of UN country teams and more adapted structures at the headquarters level”, said the Office of the Spokesperson.  

Mr. Guterres indicated he would be following up to ensure that the recommendations are implemented.


UN must provide redress for minorities placed in toxic Kosovo camps, says rights expert

UN must provide redress for minorities placed in toxic Kosovo camps, says rights expert

An independent rights expert appointed by the Human Rights Council has called on the United Nations to “provide justice and remedies” to displaced people who suffered lead poisoning after being housed in UN camps on toxic wasteland in Kosovo.

The appeal on Wednesday by Special Rapporteur on human rights and toxics, Baskut Tuncak, follows a UN panel report on alleged human rights violations by the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Kosovo, UNMIK.

Among the cases reviewed by the Human Rights Advisory Panel was a complaint submitted by 138 individuals from the Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities that they suffered lead poisoning and other serious health consequences after their relocation to internally-displaced persons (IDP) camps in northern Kosovo, between 1999 and 2013.

Taking into account the panel’s findings, the office of UN Secretary-General António Guterres, announced in May 2017, the establishment of a Trust Fund to implement community-based assistance projects.

The statement said that the Secretary-General “believes that it is our shared duty to support the Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities in Kosovo and ensure that they receive the assistance that they need.  In this connection, the Organization will make every effort, in consultation with Member States, to mobilize the necessary resources in support of the Trust Fund.”

However, to date, the Fund has not received any contributions from Member States, Mr. Tuncak maintained, adding that lead poisoning is believed to have contributed to the deaths of several children and adults.

‘Fundamentally flawed’ solution

“I am deeply disappointed by the inertia surrounding this case,” he said, “and that the solution offered by the UN is an inoperative and fundamentally flawed Trust Fund, which will neither provide justice, nor the necessary elements of an effective remedy for the victims.”

According to the Special Rapporteur, around 600 people lived in the camps -following their displacement during conflict between the then Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Kosovo Albanian rebels who were supported by NATO airpower – between 1999 and 2013. Approximately half were children under the age of 14.

Reports of lead poisoning among residents were available as early as 1999, Mr Tuncak said in a statement, noting that protective measures to prevent lead exposure were taken for peacekeeping personnel in 2000.

Such action was not carried out for residents until 2006, however, he said.

“After sobering discussions with victims and their families and assessing the facts of this tragic case, the circumstances demand individual compensation and a public apology by the United Nations, in addition to community-based projects,” Mr Tuncak said.

“The UN’s integrity is at issue,” he continued. “It should reform its approach and mobilise the necessary resources to fully implement the recommendations of its own Human Rights Advisory Panel without further delay.”

In addition to recommending compensation payments to 138 individuals, the panel also called for a public apology for failing to comply with human rights standards.

“Decades ago, UNMIK did not fulfil its mandate to promote and protect the rights of these children and their families,” the Special Rapporteur said.” Nothing will replace what these victims have lost, but now the United Nations has an opportunity to do what it can to atone for past mistakes.”

Drug laws must be amended to ‘combat racial discrimination’, UN experts say

Drug laws must be amended to ‘combat racial discrimination’, UN experts say

At every stage of the criminal justice system, people of African descent around the world are discriminated against, including death sentencing for drugs-related crimes, United Nations human rights experts said on Thursday, calling on Member States to do more to “combat racial discrimination”.

In fighting the global drug problem, the UN Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent underscored that States must acknowledge and amend the devastating impact of judicial policies on people of African descent, who are more likely to be stopped, searched, arrested, convicted, and harshly sentenced for drug crimes, in many countries.

“The global war on drugs has disproportionately targeted people of African descent and disregarded the massive costs to the dignity, humanity and freedom of individuals,” they stressed, ahead of a high-level meeting in Vienna of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, which will review the Political Declaration and Plan of Action to combat the illegal trade in drugs.

Countries must redress racial discrimination in law enforcement and accepting stark racial disparities in prosecutions and incarcerations.

“The pretext of fighting the world’s drug problem has been used to justify excessive surveillance, criminalization and the targeting of people of African descent worldwide”, they argued.

According to the experts, people of African descent are “disproportionately penalized and denied access to treatment or alternatives to being locked up”.

Furthermore, despite decades of what they called “enormous investment of resources” worldwide, neither trafficking nor narcotics use have diminished.

The UN experts spelled out: “The war on drugs has operated more effectively as a system of racial control than as a mechanism for combating the use and trafficking of narcotics”.

The criminal justice system reflects racial disparities and stereotypes grounded in history, explained the UN experts, saying that concern over narcotics “cannot excuse racism in the development of policy or the deployment of resources”.

Moreover, many adolescents have had experiences with the criminal justice system that have rendered them permanently barred from employment, educational opportunities and a range of other benefits.

And these may be even more extreme in intersectional populations, including women; migrants and refugees; and members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) community. 

“Member States should collect adequate data to measure these disparities and their potential improvement over time”, the experts advocated, adding that “evidence-based” treatment services that are respectful of individual rights should be ensured for all.